Thursday, May 26, 2011
Specialist in Environmental Policy
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that do not break down easily in the environment, tend to accumulate as they move up the food chain, and may be harmful to people and wildlife. Between 1998 and 2001, the United States signed two international treaties and one executive agreement to reduce the production and use of POPs and to regulate the trade and disposal of them. President Bush signed and submitted the two treaties to the Senate for advice and consent. If the Senate consents by a two-thirds majority, and if Congress passes legislation that would be needed to implement the treaties and the executive agreement in the United States, then the treaties could be ratified and the agreements would become binding U.S. law. Two U.S. statutes are inconsistent with the agreements: the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which governs production and use of chemicals in U.S. commerce, and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), which regulates the sale and use of pesticides within the United States. Proposals to amend these statutes were considered but not enacted in the 107th, 108th, 109th, and 111th Congresses. S. 847 in the 112th Congress would revise TSCA to permit implementation of the agreement, but treaty implementation is one relatively small provision in a bill that would comprehensively amend TSCA.
Date of Report: May 16, 2011
Number of Pages: 4
Order Number: RS22379
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Posted by Penny Hill Press, Inc. at Thursday, May 26, 2011