Coordinator, Specialist in Environmental Policy David M. Bearden Specialist
in Environmental Policy
Mary Tiemann Specialist in Environmental Policy
Claudia Copeland Specialist in Resources and Environmental Policy
James E. McCarthy Specialist in Environmental Policy
Jane A. Leggett Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy Preceding the March 26,
2013, enactment of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations
Act, 2013 (P.L. 113-6), during the 113th Congress, the
Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112-175, H.J.Res. 117),
enacted September 28, 2012, provided appropriations for federal
departments and agencies—including the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA)—funded under each of the regular appropriations bills through March 27,
2013. The continuing resolution provided funding generally at FY2012 levels
with an across-the-board increase of 0.612% unless otherwise specified.
Subsequent to the passage of the joint resolution in 112th Congress, the
bipartisan leadership of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior,
Environment, and Related Agencies released a draft bill on September 25, 2012,
that proposed $8.52 billion for EPA for FY2013. As reported July 10, 2012,
by the House Committee on Appropriations, Title II of H.R. 6091, the
Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Act, 2013, proposed $7.06
billion for EPA for FY2013. The proposed level was $1.28 billion (15.5%) below
the President’s FY2013 request of $8.34 billion, and $1.39 billion (16.5%)
below the FY2012 enacted appropriation of $8.45 billion.
The House committee-reported bill, H.R. 6091, would have decreased funding for
seven of the eight EPA appropriations accounts compared to the President’s
FY2013 request, and for six of the accounts relative to FY2012 enacted
levels. The largest decrease in H.R. 6091 as reported was for the State
and Tribal Assistance Grants (STAG) account: $2.60 billion for FY2013, compared
to $3.36 billion requested (23% decrease) and $3.61 billion for FY2012
(28% decrease). This account consistently contains the largest portion of
the agency’s funding among the eight accounts. The majority of the
proposed decrease was attributed to a combined $507.0 million reduction in
funding for grants that provide financial assistance to states to help
capitalize Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving Funds (SRFs).
Respectively, these funds finance local wastewater and drinking water
infrastructure projects. H.R. 6091 as reported included $689.0 million for
Clean Water SRF capitalization grants and $829.0 million for Drinking Water SRF capitalization
grants, compared to $1.18 billion and $850.0 million requested for FY2013, and $1.47
billion and $917.9 million appropriated for FY2012, respectively.
The STAG account also includes funds to support “categorical” grant programs.
States and tribes use these grants to support the day-to-day
implementation of environmental laws, such as monitoring, permitting and
standard setting, training, and other pollution control and prevention activities,
and these grants also assist multimedia projects. The $994.0 million total proposed
for FY2013 for categorical grants in H.R. 6091 as reported was $208.4
million less than the $1.20 billion requested for FY2013, and $94.8
million below the $1.09 billion FY2012 enacted amount.
Other prominent issues receiving attention during the 112th Congress within the
context of FY2013 EPA appropriations included funding for implementing
certain air pollution control requirements including greenhouse gas
emission regulations, climate change research and related activities,
cleanup of hazardous waste sites under the Superfund program, cleanup of sites
that tend to be less hazardous (referred to as brownfields), and cleanup
of petroleum from leaking underground tanks. Additionally, several recent
and pending EPA regulatory actions continued to be controversial in the
FY2013 appropriations. H.R. 6091 as reported included a number of provisions
(similar to those considered in the FY2012 appropriations debate) that would
have restricted the use of funding for the development, implementation, and
enforcement of certain EPA actions that cut across the various pollution
control statutes’ programs and initiatives. These provisions were not
included in the September 28, 2012, FY2013 continuing resolution. .
Date of Report: September 24, 2013
Number of Pages: 60 Order Number: R42520
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